Fieldwork directors: F-X. Ricaut, H. Razafindrazaka
Support: French Archaeological Mission in Borneo ‘Diachronic study of the use of caves and rock shelters and rock art of East Kalimantan, Borneo’. (Director: F-X Ricaut). Department of Foreign and European Affairs (Ministère des Affaires Etrangères et Européennes : MAEE)
SEALINKS project (Director: Dr Nicole Boivin). University of Oxford; European Research Council.
Since the late Pleistocene, the Indian Ocean and its surrounding regions have played a key role in the dispersal of modern humans (Out of Africa) along the southern route to the Sahul. During the Holocene, human interactions increased around the Indian Ocean due to neolithisation and the development of technologies which enabled navigation over long distances. New corridors of interaction emerged. Among the most important were those related to the expansion of Austronesian-speaking populations from the islands of Southeast Asia, expanding to the west across the Indian Ocean to the African coast, and to the east across the Pacific Ocean. Notably, this movement led to the diffusion of languages, cultures and to Austronesian populations in Madagascar, probably from Borneo or from the surrounding regions. In a multidisciplinary framework, combining archaeological excavations, linguistic studies and genetic analyses of past and present populations, the objective of this study is to apply an optimal approach to investigating the problematics related to the settlement history of Borneo and Madagascar, in the broad context of the Indian Ocean and Southeast Asia.
1 - RICAUT F.X., THOMAS T., MORMINA M., COX M.P., BELLATTI M., MIRAZON-LAHR M. 2010. Ancient Solomon Islands mtDNA: assessing Holocene settlement and the impact of European contact. Journal of Archaeological Science (sous presse).
2 - RAZAFINDRAZAKA H., RICAUT F.X., COX M.P., MORMINA M., DUGOUJON J.M., RANDRIAMAROLAZA L.P., SAMBO C., GUITARD E., TONASSO L., LUDES B., CRUBÉZY E. 2010. Complete mitochondrial DNA sequences provide new Insights into the Polynesian Motif and the Peopling of Madagascar. European Journal of Human Genetics (Epub ahead of print).
3 - RICAUT F.X., RAZAFINDRAZAKA H., COX M.P., DUGOUJON J.M., GUITARD E., Sambo C., MIRAZON-LAHR M., LUDES B., CRUBÉZY E. 2009. A New Deep Branch of Eurasian mtDNA Macrohaplogroup M Links Madagascar to the Modern Human Expansion Out of Africa. BMC Genomics 10(1):605.
4 - RICAUT F.X., THOMAS T., ARGANINI C., STAUGHTON J., LEAVESLEY M., BELLATTI M., FOLEY R., MIRAZON LAHR M. 2008. Mitochondrial DNA Variation in Karkar Islanders. Annals of Human Genetics. 72:349-367.
5 - RICAUT F.X., BELLATTI M., LAHR M.M. 2006. Ancient mitochondrial DNA from Malaysian hair samples: some indications of Southeast Asian population movements. American Journal of Human Biology. 18(5):654-667.